Category Archives: Metopen

Surveys Method In Education Research

By | April 5, 2017

Introduction Many educational research methods are descriptive; that is, they set out to describe and to interpret what is. Descriptive research, according to Best, is concerned with: “conditions or relationships that exist; practices that prevail; beliefs, points of views, or attitudes that are held; processes that are going on; effects that are being felt; or… Read More »

Methodological Principles For Language Teaching

By | April 1, 2017

The Methodological Pendulum Historians of language teaching have documented considerable fluctuation in methodological preferences over the decades (see, e.g., Musumeci, 1997, this volume). Lacking much by way of an empirical base until recently, the field has experienced major swings back and forth in the advocacy of what may be described as “interventionist” approaches, on the… Read More »

Historical and Documentary Research

By | Maret 30, 2017

Mouly (1978) states that while historical research cannot meet some of the tests of the scientific method interpreted in the specific sense of its use in the physical sciences (it cannot depend, for instance, on direct observation or experimentation, but must make use of reports that cannot be repeated), it qualifies as a scientific endeavour… Read More »

Research Methods for Applied Linguistics: Scope, Characteristics, and Standards

By | Maret 17, 2017

The Scope of Applied Linguistics Research Over the past two decades, books on applied linguistics research have often failed to define the term research, perhaps because the focus of such books was so narrow that a definition of research seemed self-evident. Some books (Anshen, 1978; Hatch & Farhady, 1982; Butler, 1985; Woods, Fletcher, & Hughes,… Read More »

What is Communicative Approach

By | Februari 24, 2017

The communicative approach is a learner centred approach. This approach gives the learner not only grammatical competence but also a social skill as to what to say. How to say, when to say and where, in order to satisfy his daily needs as larger aim. In this approach, apart from fluency, accuracy and appropriateness are… Read More »